Quince: Another of America’s Forgotten Fruits

Originally from the Caucasus Mountain foothills of Iran and Turkey, this highly fragrant relative of the apple was once a commonplace orchard fruit in the early American Colonies. Quince was one of the first fruits introduced here by English settlers, and by 1720, their cultivation was thriving in Virginia.

50092427In the mid-nineteenth century, Reverend William W. Meech discovered an American variety of the fruit in Connecticut, which he introduced as the “Pear-Shaped Orange Quince.” In his 1888 book, Quince Culture, Reverend Meech described it as the “most uniformly prolific of all known varieties,” hence its name Meech’s Prolific. While this native variety is known for its reliable high yields and superior quality and remains popular by plant enthusiasts in England, Meech’s Prolific is now extremely rare in this country.

The delicate, yet heady fragrance of the quince is said to be reminiscent of lemon, pineapple, flowers, and apple. The claim of ancient traders was that a single ripe quince could perfume an entire caravan.

quince-jellyTraditionally the quince was used by English colonists in pies mixed with apples or pears and sweetened with honey. It was also used to make aromatic jams, jellies, and marmalades. In fact, the English word marmalade is derived from the Portuguese word “marmela,” meaning quince.

Quince are generally not eaten fresh because of the hardness of the fruit and the acidity, astringent, and sometimes grittiness of its flesh . However, when cooked they are transformed into a beautiful rosy pink color with a unique flavor and delicate peach-like texture. Quince can be used in the preparation of a variety of sweet and savory dishes from cakes and pies, to stews and chutneys, to fruit sauces as an accompaniment to chicken, beef, pork, and game. Another simple but delicious way of serving quince is to peel, core, and stuff them with raisins, nuts, and spices and bake them until tender.

quince on a treeAs American farmers moved westward, so did the quince, with sizable cultivations recorded in both Texas and California. By 1914, noted plant breeder Luther Burbank wrote that “the soil and climate of California are peculiarly hospitable to this fruit” where at the time there were about nine hundred acres of quince being grown. California remains the only state to commercially farms quinces, although the land devoted to its production has reduced to only about one-third of what it was in its heyday.

455014tqji54l2Although practically unheard of for decades, today the quince, like other once popular but neglected fruits, seems to be making somewhat of a comeback. In recent years, there have been at least three books and numerous articles containing quince recipes. The fruit has also become an increasingly featured item in a number of high-end restaurants, and at least half a dozen have even been named after it.

The quince is a seasonal fruit generally available only from early fall through January but may be found up until March in some areas. If you are fortunate enough to find them in your supermarket or green grocer, we recommend you pick up a few and rediscover the delights of this remarkably versatile but forgotten fruit.

Try Em: Quince Restaurant, Jackon Square, San Francisco, California; Quince at the Homestead, Evanston, Illinois; Quince Café and Market, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Make Em: Milopita, Poached Quince, Quince Clafoutis, Quince Tarte Tatin

Grapette: America’s Once Favorite Grape Soda Makes a Comeback

Whether you call it pop, soda, soda pop, or coke (a generic term), the soft drink industry in this country is huge–more than 50,000-gallons-per-American-per-year huge!

By the late nineteenth century, bottled soda had come of age in America with over five hundred bottling plants producing some 260 million bottles of soda a year. In 1888, Dr Pepper, invented three years earlier in Waco, Texas, became the first cola sold in bottles, followed five years later by Coca-Cola.

Over the next four decades, vast improvements and dramatic innovations were made in packaging and bottling including the introduction of the canned soft drink. Also, this period saw the introduction of many new brands and exciting flavors, many of which are still with us today–Pepsi, Dad’s Root Beer, 7Up, Canada Dry, Orange Crush, RC, and Big Red to name just a few.

In 1925, Benjamin Tyndle Fooks, a Camden, Arkansas service station owner, borrowed four-thousand dollars and purchased a small soft drink bottling plant on the town’s main street. The early years of his new company were ones of experimentation, especially in flavor development. Although sometimes a struggle, the business was successful and two years later Fooks (pronounced like “folks”) bought a second bottling plant in Arkadelphia, about sixty miles from Camden. In early 1928, a third plant was purchased in nearby Hope, Arkansas.

Unfortunately, the stock market crash in the fall of 1929, and the depression that followed, brought on tough times, and Fooks found it necessary to do much of the work himself in order to keep his plants open–mixing and bottling soft drinks, driving delivery trucks, even making peanut patties and coconut brittle to supplement sales. As business conditions worsened, Tyndle was forced to sell the Arkadelphia building, close the one in Hope, and began selling “Fooks Flavors” from his car to other bottling plants throughout Arkansas, Louisiana, and east Texas. After each trip, he would return to Camden and produced the flavors he had sold.

Over the next few years, Fooks became known throughout the United States for his high-quality flavor concentrates, and by 1936, he had established the B. T. Fooks Manufacturing Company to market his line of flavors.

Through the sales of his “Fooks Flavors,” it became evident that grape flavored drinks were by far the most popular. It also became clear that in spite of its popularity, there were very few grape sodas on the market. This knowledge prompted Fooks to begin searching for a formula that would produce a soft drink flavor that tasted of fresh grape juice. After two years of intense and constant experimentation, and several grape flavors later, the taste that was to become Grapette was finally developed.

At the same time Fooks was developing his “just right” grape flavor, he also began searching for a name for his soft drink. In 1939, Fooks learned that Rube Goldstein, an existing flavor concentrate customer in Chicago, had trademarked the names “Grapette,” “Lemonette,” and “Orangette,” but never used them. So in March of 1940, Tyndle purchased all three trademarks for five-hundred dollars, and Grapette was born.

The soft drink , with its “Thirsty or Not,” slogan was an immediate success. First and foremost, consumers loved the unique, refreshing grape taste. Another reason for its popularity was the innovative clear, six-ounce bottle that allowed the purple grape color to be seen through the glass. And because Grapette’s bottle was smaller and thinner, it chilled faster than other soft drinks and more bottles would fit into refrigerators and coolers.

Bottlers also liked Grapette’s bottle because it used less glass to produce and therefore was less expensive to purchase. The smaller size allowed thirty bottles to fit into a smaller case–actually three inches shorter than the competitor’s case of twenty-four. The case also weighed ten pounds less when full, so bottlers were able to use lighter delivery trucks than other brands–all important savings.

In 1942, prior to the second World War, wealthy oil man R. Paul May acquired the international rights to Grapette in order to develop a Latin America market for the new grape soda providing the fast growing company a presence outside the United States. May sold his first franchise in Guatemala City in 1945, quickly followed by other Latin American cities.

After the war, the company’s name was changed from B. T. Fooks Manufacturing to The Grapette Company, and with the change, sales continued to spiral upward. In 1946, the company added Lemonette to its product line, and the next year, Orangette. Both of these successful new flavors were “true-flavor” soft drinks containing large amounts of real fruit juice. By 1948, The Grapette Company had added two additional product lines, The Botl-O and Sunburst, each having fourteen flavors.

Also in 1948, the company introduced another industry first–its famous “Animal” syrups. These eight-ounce kitten shaped glass containers were filled with fruit flavors that could be mixed with water to produce a gallon of economical non-carbonated drink for just thirty-three cents. As an added bonus, the screw-on lids of these whimsical bottles were slotted so when empty the cap’s cardboard liner could be removed and the container used as a child’s bank. While demand for Grapette’s animal syrups proved to be extremely successful, the manual labor involved in filling, labeling, and sealing the irregular shaped bottles proved too slow and costly, so the search for a replacement was began. By 1953, the elephant bottle/bank was introduced enabling production to increase to more than 10,000 cases a day.

Just ten short years after its introduction, Grapette had risen to become the most popular grape flavored beverage in the nation and the seventh largest soft drink company in the industry. In its peak years, Grapette was produced by more than 600 bottlers in thirty-eight states.

In 1972, Fooks sold The Grapette Company to Rheingold Corporation, marketers of beer as well as some regional soft drinks. Three years later, Pepsico began a hostile takeover of Rheingold and, in order to complete the transaction, sold Grapette to the Monarch Beverage Company who promptly shelved the product in favor of their own NuGrape brand.

Fortunately, in 1962 Paul May had officially formed Grapette International as a separate entity from The Grapette Company and was not part of its sale to Rheingold. Still very popular in South America as well as Caribbean and Pacific Rim countries, Grapette International continued to successfully market its products. On the domestic front, they also began producing various private label soft drinks made from the company’s original flavor formulas.

In the late 1980s, Sam Walton, founder of Walmart stores, told Brooks Rice, May’s son-in-law and then chairman of Grapette International, “I want Grapette in my stores.” And while at that time he was unable to provide Walton with the Grapette brand name, he made a pledge that one day he would fulfill the request.

Finally, in early 2000, after numerous attempts to purchase back the U.S. rights to the lost trademarks, Grapette International was successful. In 2005, Grapette and Orangette once again became available exclusively at Walmart stores across the nation making it possible for consumers to once again enjoy the authentic flavor of America’s once favorite grape soda–Thirsty or Not!

Buy Em: Walmart stores nationwide

Make Em: The Purple Cow Ice Cream Float, The Purple Cow Smoothie, Grapette Soda BBQ Sauce